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domingo, 29 de novembro de 2009

Arqueologia Subaquática em Alexandria

Underwater archaeology in Alexandria, Egypt

"A arqueologia submarina começou no Egito quando Gaston Gondet, o diretor dos portos egípcios, descobriu alguns cais antigos no porto ocidental de Alexandria.
Um esforço real para resgatar monumentos de sob as águas foi iniciado pelo príncipe Omar Tousson, que coletou objetos da baía de Aboukir entre 1933 e 1942. O mais importante foi uma cabeça de mármore de Alexandre, o Grande, que encontra-se hoje no Museu Greco-romano de Alexandria.
Em seguida, houve um mergulhador, Kamil Abu El Saadat, que resgatou uma estátua de Ísis Pharia em 1962 do local do forte Quaitbay.Após a década de 60, as missões tornaram-se mais científicos e sistemáticas.
As mais recentes descobertas foram três cidades submersas na baía de Aboukir: Canopus, Menuthis e Heracleum.
Por causa dessas importantes descobertas, foi necessária a criação de um departamento especial de arqueologia submersa no Egito, e em toda a costa do Egito, calcula-se que aproximadamente 1% do material remanescente debaixo d'água já foi retirado."
(Texto encontrado no Museu Histórico de Alexandria)

"Underwater archaeology began in Egypt when Gaston Gondet, the director of the Egyptian Ports, discovered some ancient quays in the Western Port of Alexandria. A real effort to rescue the underwater monuments was initiated by Prince Omar Tousson, who collected monuments from Aboukir Bay between 1933 and 1942. The most important item was a marble head of Alexander the Great, which is now in the Graeco-Roman Museum. This was followed by the efforts of the amateur diver, Kamil Abu El-Saadat, who rescued the statue of Isis Pharia in 1962 from the site of the Quaitbay Fort. He continued to provide hand-drawn maps showing where underwater monuments were located in the Eastern Port, and eastwards along the coast of Alexandria until Aboukir Bay, from 1962 until his death in 1985. The missions began to undertake this work scientifically and systematically, and discovered the royal quarter in the Eastern Port. Amongst the important discoveries was the statue of a priest and one of Ptolemy II, which was found near the site of the lighthouse close to Quaitbay Fort, and now stands in front of the new Alexandria Library, the Biblioteca Alexandrina. The most recent achievement has been the rediscovery of three submerged cities in Aboukir Bay: Canopus, Menuthis and Heracleum. The three has commercial importance from the 5th century BC onwards, when the Canopic branch of the Nile flowed into the Mediterranean at this point. Because of all these significant discoveries, it became necessary to have a special department for underwater archaeology, and to make a general survey of all the Egyptian coastline, as so far only 1% of what may have survived underwater has been retrieved. "
(Text written by the curators of the Historical Museum of Alexandria, Egypt)

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